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Descartes, Rationalism, and Philosophy

Please pick one of the following questions to answer:

Why doesn’t Descartes simply determine what’s real by looking around him and use his sense experience?

In Meditation II, Descartes states, “I am; I exist – this is certain.” Explain why Descartes claims that his knowledge here about this cannot be doubted?

What is the nature of the “I” for Descartes and why doesn’t it refer to the physical body of Descartes?
400-450 words excluding references, APA style format and a minimum of 2 references

Sample Essay Answwer
Question 2
Descartes aims to remove all faulty beliefs he has had over his life and start afresh in developing up his foundation of knowledge. Due to this he has established his foundations by learning to doubt himself or certain facts. In most cases this doubt has been developed through sensory experience where one is able to grasp and learn numerous adventures and priorities. Most of his principles were very doubtful despite being passionate about certain beliefs and aspirations he had. He came to learn that sensory experience was playing a key role in developing his beliefs and helped in building his foundation. Therefore, to improve knowledge ne needs to do away with senses as it will create a foundation that enables him to critically analyse and internalise an event (Reynolds, 2019).
Descartes shows that beliefs are learnt through senses. In the events of doubt senses, beliefs are persuaded to individuals even if it were the slightest doubt. Descartes says senses may be wise or deceitful as may influence or encourage someone to undertake or believe in certain issues. He often reckoned that he has had so many illusions while sleeping which makes it possible for someone to develop beliefs (Descartes, 2017). Even though there are instances of doubts it becomes overwhelming that doubt senses may arise. The result of such presents an impossible event where one may use his or her senses in the right way or negatively. Despite this fact, one can also be affected by his or her senses. This has been proven through dreaming experience. Descartes showed that whenever a person dreams experiences a certain aspect of sense. Therefore, this is likely to affect how that person thinks or believes and may immediately create some senses which may deter acquisition of knowledge.
Consequently, to overcome doubting senses, Descartes proposed a strategy in which people need to use to avoid the influence of sensory experience. He noted that it is important to discover one or more propositions that cannot be easily doubted. These propositions are able to help one develop a possible understanding of a certain experience without making an inference on such before considering the facts. Also, he claimed people have to use absolute certainties as foundations to acquisition of knowledge. Absolute propositions enables one to make a valid inference when it comes to certain decisions and propositions. Eventually, this makes it possible to acquire knowledge and avoid the impeding doubting senses. Thus, if everyone practices this, it is possible to acquire knowledge and develop learning as a foundation of sensory experience rather than just relying on senses (Chen, 2018). Also, if I think so, then am like that and I exist..

Chen, S. (2018). Descartes’s” I think so I am.
Descartes, R. (2017). Descartes: Meditations on first philosophy: With selections from the objections and replies. Cambridge University Press.
Reynolds, C. (2019). The Quest for Knowledge: A Study of Descartes.

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