Week 8 main post

Different therapies are used to treat different illnesses in the medical field. The same can be said for mental illnesses. The purpose of this discussion board is to compare CBT with existential-humanistic therapy, point out strengths and challenges of each type of psychotherapy, and to describe a fictional client that might be best suited for each.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of mental treatment employed in solving medical issues such as depression, alcohol, anxiety and drug use disorders, marital issues, eating disorder and other acute medical issues (Zettle & Hayes, 2016). CBT structure includes a talk therapy where the patient and the relevant psychiatrist interact to solve mental conditions affecting the patient through establishing comprehensive coping approaches. The application of CBT has been established as useful based on scientific evidence that the approach enhances patient wellness through producing behavioral changes. CBT is centered on critical principles including;

Psychological issues are centered on the useful approaches of thinking.
The mental issues are grounded on the learned sequence of ineffective thinking sequence (Dobson & Dobson, 2018)
Individuals with psychological issues may learn effective approaches of coping with the current issues thus relieving their psychological-based symptoms and enhance the general quality of life
The therapy incorporates changing the thinking sequence using techniques that incorporates;

Comprehending one’s disruptions in thinking that initiatives the issues and re-evaluating them.
Acquiring optimal comprehension of the motivation and behavior of others.
Deploying problem-resolving approaches to cope with stressful situations.
Learning to create an optimal confidence level in an individual’s capacities to solve mental stressors.
The approach further includes encountering fears rather than averting them, employing role playing to prepare for prospective stressful interactions with others and learning to relax amidst v various stressors.
Existential-Humanistic Therapy

Existential-humanistic therapy was initiated in the United States in the 1940 (Schneider, 2016). The treatment form varies from other therapeutic forms since it incorporates the essential of patient’s subjective encounter and unconditional positive regard offering the patient freedom and responsibility to report their medical experience to the health care center. Humanistic and existential techniques possess a common belief that patients possess the capability for choice and self-awareness about the form of care to receive compared to other therapeutic forms. Further, the humanistic perception highlights human nature as good and with a likelihood to sustain healthy, critical associations and establish choices desirable to them and others. Humanistic psychologist guide the patient to freedom from positions and assumptions that may block them from experiencing desired lives through outlining self-actualization and growth, while sustaining the client’s ability for responsible self-guidance.

Strengths and Challenges associated with using each Therapeutic Approaches

CBT

The cognitive-behavioral therapy concentrates at minimizing the behavioral and emotional symptoms leading from exposure to stressful events. A core challenge linked with using CBT includes the layout of CBT can be unsuitable for patients with compound mental conditions since the treatment engage confronting individual’s anxieties and emotions and the approach may cause the patient to be emotionally uncomfortable or anxious during the treatment process (David, Cristea & Hofmann, 2018).

Existential-humanistic therapy

The treatment enhances the therapeutic association, elevates self-awareness, concentrates on the prospective inner resources and initiate the client as an individual response for comprehensive recovery. A critical challenge linked with using the humanistic therapy includes provision of inadequate guidance from the psychologist since the patient is response for enhancing self-care and recovery (Krug & Schneider, 2016).

Creating Fictional Patients for the Treatment Approaches

Patient A reports to the facility for care following substance abuse. The selected therapy includes existential-humanistic treatment since it enhances therapeutic relationship stimulating the patient to share rationale for elevated substance abuse, incline self-awareness concerning the medical impacts of utilizing such substances thus facilitating the patient’s need to stop using the substance thus enhancing self-obligation for recovery.
Patient B is presented to the hospital with acute symptoms of depression and the treatment form selected for the patient is cognitive behavioural therapy form since it provides coping techniques, enabling the patient to usefully deal with situations that may cause mental disruption causing depressive episodes.

References

David, D., Cristea, I., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Why cognitive behavioral therapy is the current gold standard of psychotherapy. Frontiers in psychiatry, 9, 4.

Dobson, D., & Dobson, K. S. (2018). Evidence-based practice of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Guilford Publications.

Krug, O. T., & Schneider, K. J. (2016). Supervision essentials for existential-humanistic therapy. American Psychological Association.

Schneider, K. J. (2016). Existential-humanistic psychotherapy. The professional counselor’s desk reference, 201-205.

Zettle, R. D., & Hayes, S. C. (2016). Rule-governed behavior: A potential theoretical framework for cognitive-behavioral therapy.

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