Research Paper (Due Apr 28) Today, digital media is found throughout all business and personal activities making it necessary to have a high level of understanding of both the sources of content, as well as the methods in which the information is consumed. The responsible utilization of digital media requires individuals to have an awareness of the global, social, ethical, and legal contexts in which the digital media is consumed. Students are required to select a topic related to global, social, ethical, or legal issues with digital media. You will perform in-depth research and provide an explanation of how an issue associated with your selected topic relates to the consumption of digital media.
  1. Formatting Requirements
    • Project must follow APA style
    • Double-spaced 1 inch margins
    • 12 point professional font
    • Headers including project name, class, and page numbers
    • File name first initial, last name and project (ex. JDoe_paper)
    • Use of tables, graphs, images, etc. of appropriate size that are relevant to the information being conveyed is highly encouraged.
  2. Content Requirements
    • Minimum of 2500 words, maximum 3000 words (excluding cover and bibliographical pages)
    • Title Page including your name, instructor name, course name and number, and paper title
    • Research Paper Requirements
      1. Outline
      2. Introduction
      3. Body
        • Research
        • Findings
        • Context
      4. Conclusion
    • Bibliography with minimum of 5 professional / scholarly sources. Wikipedia is not acceptable.
NOTE:  Assigned work should be submitted on time. You will have a long lead time in which to prepare, ask questions, and seek help. Therefore, unless a major accident, illness, work assignment, or other extenuating circumstance prevents you from submitting work on time, late assignments will be subject to a late submission penalty and will lose 10 percent  (1 letter grade) per day up to 5 days. No assignment will be accepted after 5 days without an approved, documented excuse. Complete and submit your project no later than 11:59PM  4/28/17 Social Media is a Detriment to the Health of Democracy Question 1: l believe that social media is a detriment to the overall health of a democracy. Social media has been used to actively undermine the social conditions that make the democratic states function well. For example, Russia used Facebook to spread fake news to the eligible voters in the U.S and thus, affected the outcome of the U.S elections in 2016. The exposure of election from foreign entities indicates the negative impact of social media on the democratic states. Facebook allows for targeted ads that undermine the interests of the users. The social media collects data on the likes and browsing of the users. The political entities use the targeted tool to influence the eligible voters. As a result, social media has a negative impact on the health and good development of democracy. Question 2: Diehl, Brian and Homero’s research work explains that social media has been associated with pro-democratic political actions. Social media provides a unique platform for communicating the political messages that might influence the overall exposure to political information (Diehl, Brian and Homero 1875). The authors were concerned that social media has been used to deliberately falsify political information. The falsifying of political information has a significant impact on the ability of users to get access to quality information for them to make informed political decisions. Therefore, the government should work to reduce the spreading of false information through empowering democratic institutions. The journal article by Spohr investigates the impact of social media fake news on the ideological polarization in society. https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/PAP-04-2019-0008?fullSc=1 50% https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=bgsu1530280814598288&disposition=inline 50% https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0266382117722446 40% The journal article by Spohr investigates the impact of social media fake news on the ideological polarization in society. Selective exposure to social media impacted on equal access to information to the users (Spohr 151). https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=bgsu1530280814598288&disposition=inline 38% https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/PAP-04-2019-0008?fullSc=1 38% Selective exposure to social media impacted on equal access to information to the users (Spohr 151). The author’s position was that the rise of fake news and the filter bubble of social media have affected the general political discourse in society. https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/PAP-04-2019-0008?fullSc=1 42% The author’s position was that the rise of fake news and the filter bubble of social media have affected the general political discourse in society. The article noted that there is a need for the development of a theoretical framework to research on the recommendable actions by policymakers and society to sustain democratic institutions. Van Aelst et al. research journal shows the impact of the changes in media environments on political communication in society. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315067333_Political_Communication_in_a_High-Choice_Media_Environment_A_Challenge_for_Democracy 33% Van Aelst et al. research journal shows the impact of the changes in media environments on political communication in society. The use of social media to spread political messages has helped the citizens to be informed. The trend has led to the deterioration of democratic environments. The authors argue that the rise of social media has affected the dissemination of political information (Van Aelst et al. 6). The negative impact of the trends in political information environments comprises of the decline in the quality of news, deteriorating diversity of news, and the increasing rate of inequality in political information and knowledge. Question 3.3 The increased reliance on social media as the main source of information and news has led to deterioration in the health of the U.S democracy. From a positive perspective, social media allows people to express their political feelings. On the other hand, social media allows people to spread fake stories and the corrosion of democracy. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=bgsu1530280814598288&disposition=inline 38% On the other hand, social media allows people to spread fake stories and the corrosion of democracy. Premise 1: Social media allows for foreign interference into the national democratic institutions. ln the recent US election, the government has reported massive foreign interference from the Russian government. The Russian entities were able to use social media to spread fake news Social media was an information weapon for them to influence how voters viewed the local political campaigns. The foreign interference undermined the U.S values on political campaigns. Facebook lacked the transparency to show that foreign entities were making effort to undermine the democracy of the U.S. The U.S government has been pushing social media companies to work on preventing the creation of fake pages that influence public sentiment. The ability for the foreign entities to interfere with the national elections that led to the concerns of transparency in social media. Targeting of voters enables dishonest political campaigns that promote the spreading of toxic campaigns without taking responsibility. Premise 2: Social media has been used to spread hoaxes and misinforming people. The misinformation of the people also impacts on the democracy of the states. Today, most of the information is heavily tainted by false news and misinformation. A majority of the people spend more time on social media. 4writers.net order ID: ********** 40% https://socialbuddy.com/how-much-time-do-people-spend-on-social-media/ 60% A majority of the people spend more time on social media. The posting of misleading information about political candidates and their campaigns undermines on the ability of the voters to elect the best candidates. The story led to people abusing her on Facebook (Diehl, Brian and Homero 1875). Most people are expecting Facebook to use their judgment to filter misinformation. Facebook has given people the opportunity to report false news as a way of reducing the spreading of false stories. The best approach for overcoming fake stories is to share the context of the new sources. For example, political campaigns have relied on the creation of fake stories to undermine the progress of their political opponents. The spreading of fake stories and misinformation has made it challenging to support democracy. The social media users should understand the context of the new sources to sharpen their literacy. The strategy would make society more resilient to misleading information and stories on social media. Premise 3: Social media has allowed for increased political harassment. People expect Facebook to be a safe platform for expressing their feeling freely, a place to make their view from being bullied and threatened. Political campaigns rely on harassment tactics to create fear about other campaigns. Governments often take part in online harassment of people. For example, government officials have been accused of using social media to threaten political opponents with strict government actions. More countries are also creating laws that seek to criminalize online discussions (Spohr 151). These online trends have led to the growth in the risks for people who use social media to highlight government failures. The social media firms should make effort to enforce their standards to protect the users from threat from hostile government entities. For example, the personal data of the social media users should be made private. Therefore, social media has created an avenue for political harassment and hate. Conclusion: ln summary, social media amplifies both the bad and good intentions of people towards democracy. Foreign interference has emerged as a problem for democratic progress. Social media allows foreign entities to disrupt national political campaigns for their benefits. The health of a democracy depends on the ability to share truthful information and stories. Political harassment has also increased in social media with the government using social media to crack down on dissents. Social media firms are unable to enforce most of the community standards when governments are involved. Question 4: While conducting research on the impact of social media assignment on democracy, a common fallacy l heard is that social media is fast. Most people believe that social media is a vital tool that would lead to fast communication and sharing of information. ln politics, people argue that social media would help to convince eligible voters faster than other media communication tools. The campaign managers should work with influencers with a proper understanding of social media. l believe that it is false to assume that social media is fast. Social media is slow. The proper use of social media involves the development of meaningful relationships with potential voters in their natural environments. The political organizations should create good content and be part of the communities, and their influence would grow incrementally. Most successful social media campaigns take months and even years to develop fully. lt is a big problem for people to believe the fallacy that social media is fast when it is actually slow. People would overestimate the ability of social media campaign to influence during their political movements. Political campaign managers should understand the need to come up with comprehensive social media plans. The plans will require proper strategies and time to develop into successful social media phenomenon (Van Aelst et al. 6). ln addition, people might spend more money to get faster social media outcomes that will be impossible because of the nature of social media. People would assume that social media is inexpensive because it is free to use Facebook and other social media network, which is false. Social media is costly because it requires the hiring of influencers and working with experts to develop the campaigns over time. Works Cited Diehl, Trevor, Brian E. Weeks, and Homero Gil de Zuniga. “Political persuasion on social media: Tracing direct and indirect effects of news use and social interaction.” new media & society 18.9 (2016): 1875-1895. Spohr, Dominic. “Fake news and ideological polarization: Filter bubbles and selective exposure on social media.” Business lnformation Review 34.3 (2017): 150-160. Van Aelst, Peter, et al. “Political communication in a high-choice media environment: a challenge for democracy?.” Annals of the lnternational Communication Association 41.1 (2017): 3-27. ~~~For this or similar assignment papers~~~