Ethics in Evaluation > > To prepare for this Discussion: > � Review �Ethical Considerations� in Chapter 13 of the McKenzie et al. > text. Reflect on the potential ethical considerations in program > evaluation. Think about how you might address these considerations. > � Consider how to ensure that your program evaluation meets ethical > practices. > > With these thoughts in mind: > > Post a brief explanation of two potential ethical considerations in program > evaluation. > > Explain how you might address these considerations. > > Finally, explain one way you might ensure that your program evaluation > meets ethical practices. > > Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to > the > Learning Resources. > > Required Resources > > Readings > � McKenzie, J. F., Neiger, B. L., & Thackeray, R. (2013). Planning, > implementing, and evaluating health promotion programs (6th ed.). San > Francisco, CA: Pearson. > o Chapter 13, �Evaluation: An Overview� > o Chapter 15, �Data Analysis and Reporting� > � Holm-Hansen, C. (2007). Tips for conducting program evaluations. Ethical > Issues, 12, 1�4. Retrieved from > http://www.wilder.org/Wilder-Research/Publications/Studies/Forms/Study/docsethomepage.aspx?ID=514&FolderCTID=0x0120D52000F239CA0ED16F9A49B139AA1402664580003333A21DCC750948AD7DA120396FC83C&List=5ffe87fb-8c61-4035-86cc-db1b1907fa0a&RootFolder=%2FWilder-Research%2FPublications%2FStudies%2FProgram%20Evaluation%20and%20Research%20Tips > � Sharp, C. A. (1994). Focus on an evaluation issue: Ethics and standards > in evaluation. Evaluation News & Comment, 34�41. > Sharp, C.A . “What Is Appropriate Evaluation? Ethics and > standards in evaluation” Evaluation News & Comment (Australasian Evaluation > Society), 1994, vol. 3, no. 2 (December) pp. 34-41. {online > http://www.personalresearchandevaluation.com/documents/evaluation_theory/Appropriateness-Evaln_ENC94_sharp.pdf > } > � American Evaluation Association. (2004). American Evaluation Association > guiding principles for evaluators. Retrieved from > http://www.eval.org/Publications/GuidingPrinciples.asp > Optional Resources > � Barrett, S. (2012). Quackwatch: Your guide to quackery, health fraud, and > intelligent decisions. Retrieved from http://www.quackwatch.com/ > � Goldacre, B. (2011). Bad science. Retrieved from > http://www.badscience.net/ > � Statistical Assessment Service. (n.d.). STATS: Take a quantitative leap. > Retrieved March 12, 2012, from http://stats.org/ Ethics in Evaluation Key Ethical Considerations Chapter 3 of McKenzie text provides several ethical issues that needs consideration while making a project evaluation. Ethical issued have high potential to influence a program’s effectiveness and efficiency and efficiency in meeting its objectives in delivery of health care services. Ethical considerations are equally important in ensuring that evaluation of various health care programs meets the standard requirements (Barrett, 2012). This paper hence, evaluates various ethical considerations relevant in project evaluations as outlined in chapter 3 of McKenzie text. To start with, it is important to consider the threats and advantages linked to a project. Examination of projects as often associated with numerous benefits. In various occasions, participants may acquire several benefits including; acquisition of gift certificates or other forms of incentives so as to enhance undertaking of interviews (Holm-Hansen, 2007). Secondly, program evaluation may face informed consent. It is vital for those involved in a program evaluation to have the will of undertaking the exercise. For instance, evaluation participants have the right to select whether to take part or not without penalties or withdraw from the project at will. Lastly, safety of people taking part in evaluation of the program should be considered. For instance, while the project incorporates crime victims, it is always important to keep in mind the risks that could expose participants to unsafety. How I might address these considerations There might be threats that necessitate careful examination of a program development of appropriate measures that would aid reduction of the risk factors. For instance evaluation of safety concerns in health care services may expose health workers to risks of victimization. Therefore, as a program examiner, I would seek to reduce the risks and maximize the benefits. Moreover, I will opt not to finalize a part of the project. It is important for all participants to clearly identify the implications of any decisions they make (McKenzie, et al, 2013). In order for me as an evaluator to make conscious decisions, it is important for them to acquire adequate data with regard to the project. Risks and benefits should also be explained to them using a language easy for them to comprehend. Confidentiality is a core consideration in project evaluation. However difficult it is to undertake a project without basic information, it is crucial for participants to keep all information confidential at all times and ensure that unauthorized persons have no access to project information. In this case, no disclosure should be made about those taking part in the project to other people. Data collection such as interviews and surveys will be conducted in secure locations where other people cannot see them. Disposure of materials whose use has been completed should consider security. How to Ensure the Project Meets Ethical Practice While gathering information about the project, it is always advisable to consider the risk factors associated with them so as to develop appropriate measures that would help avert the risks. Clients in situations that may pose risks to them should be have their situations intervened so as to foster their safety concerns. There are alterations that develop from program alterations or the agency level. For instance, there are several cases whereby project evaluation has led to establishment of approaches that aids in strengthening the effects of a program. Thus, positive results have been attained by participants who have currently been involved in project evaluation. This will also happen to those who will take part in future evaluation. References Barrett, S. (2012). Quackwatch: Your guide to quackery, health fraud, and intelligent decisions. Retrieved from http://www.quackwatch.com/ Holm-Hansen, C. (2007). Tips for conducting program evaluations. Ethical Issues, 12, 14. Retrieved from http://www.wilder.org/Wilder-Research/Publications/Studies/Forms/Study/docsethomepage.aspx?ID=514&FolderCTID=0x0120D52000F239CA0ED16F9A49B139AA1402664580003333A21DCC750948AD7DA120396FC83C&List=5ffe87fb-8c61-4035-86cc-db1b1907fa0a&RootFolder=%2FWilder-Research%2FPublications%2FStudies%2FProgram%20Evaluation%20and%20Research%20Tips McKenzie, J. F., Neiger, B. L., & Thackeray, R. (2013). Planning, implementing, and evaluating health promotion programs (6th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson. ~~~For this or similar assignment papers~~~