Human Resource Management In any company or organization, the employees play a pivotal role in its success. This therefore requires that the whole process of acquiring, recruiting, training, remuneration, management and motivation of the employees be done in the most appropriate ways to improve the output and achievement of the organization goals. The Human resource (HR) is mainly the department within the company or organizational setup that is mandated with providing the aforementioned activities. Through this, the output is greatly increased and the business is able to adapt in the competitive environments. Apart from the traditional roles attached to the human resource, the more evolved roles include management and utilization of the employees in an effective manner. Secondly, is performance appraisal where employees level of performance is determined basing on their value output. Thirdly the HR plays a vital role in improving the skills of the workforce to ensure they are competent and up to date with the current trends and demands of the market. Competition is part and parcel in the business arena, therefore the HR has an important role increasing the levels of innovation and flexibility to increase the adaptability of the business. Lastly the HR has a vital role of implementing and integrating information, and communication technology in business process by increasing the level of technical knowhow of its employees. Another key focus of HR is on planning of human resources so as to achieve optimum levels of production without having excess or shortage of manpower. Apart from the management of the employees in the organizational setup, the organization is still needed to ensure that its set objectives are being achieved in an efficient and sustainable manner. Therefore the HR plays a noble task of setting the performance parameters so as to check whether the employees are achieving them accordingly.