Obesity Term Paper

Obesity Term Paper – APA format

Parts :
1) Cover page:
A) running head
B) Topic
C) The author
D) College
E) Date
F) Professor
G) Course

2) Abstract or Intro : 1 page

3) BODY: each section 1 page = 5 page total for body paragraph
A) Prevalence (prove it is a common problem)
B) Danger associated with Obesity
C) Prevention
D) Ways of Helping the obese / curing
E) Conclusion

4) References or Bibliography: use minimum 3 books.
Obesity amongst Teenagers

Introduction
Obesity is the medical conditions whereby excess body fats accumulate in the body to the extent to which it triggers negative effect or impacts on the victim’s health (Dawes, 2014). The occurrence of obesity increases the risks of other health-related defects such as depression, cancer, type two diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and apnea amongst the teenagers. Obesity is usually caused by excessive food intake, genetic susceptibility, and lack of exercise while other few cases of obesity are caused by the mental disorder, genes, medications and endocrine disorders (Dawes, 2014). The core victims of obesity are children and adults. Globally, obesity is a menace which ought to be prevented at all costs so as to ensure proper growth of kids and also avoid some cases of related obesity.
As of 2015, 100 million kids and 600 million adults were obese (Dawes, 2014). This gives an estimation of nearly 12% adults being obese globally. Obesity is more prevalent amongst women than men. The authorities together with the health provision agencies view the obesity menace as one of the public problems in the 21st century (Engdahl, 2015). Obesity or overweight can be prevented through a combination of various personal adoptions and social modifications. The change to diet and frequent exercising are the core building blocks towards curbing the obesity menace. Diet can be improved through the reduction of dense energy foods which includes sugars and fats while increasing the consumption of dietary fiber (Dawes, 2014). Medication can also be used alongside suitable diet so as to reduce appetite or even decrease the absorption of fats. A surgery or gastric balloon can also be used to reduce the stomach volume or even reduce the length of the intestines so as to cause reduced nutrients absorption and fats accumulation.

Obesity Pandemic
Obesity is a global pandemic which is classified as the leading cause of death though treatable. In the US, more than 36.5% of the adults are obese while the kids are at 11% (Levi, Segal, Rayburn, & Martin, 2015). Globally, over 2.8 million decease annually as a consequence of obesity or being overweight (Dawes, 2014). Obesity and overweight lead to severe metabolic impacts on insulin resistance, triglycerides, blood pressure, and lipids. With increasing body mass index (BMI), the risks of stroke, type two diabetes, and heart diseases increase as well (Joshi, 2015). Additionally, the raised BMI leads to increased risks of breast cancer, colon and prostate cancer as well as the endometrium cancer.

Overweight & Obesity Statistics | NIDDK. (2018).
As measured by BMI, increasing degree of overweight increases the human mortality rates. As of 2008, nearly 35% of the adults globally aged 20 years and above were overweight with BMI of over 25kg/m2, 35% for women and 34% for men respectively (Dawes, 2014). The prevalence of obesity as tremendously increased almost doubling from 1980 to 2008. In 2008, 14.1% of women and 10.1% of men were overweight with BMI of over 30kg/M2 as equated with 8% for women and 5.1% for males in 1980 (Joshi, 2015). This is a crippling statistics. As of 2015, nearly 700 people were obese globally which means that nearly 12% of the global population is obese (Joshi, 2015). The rising consumption of fats foods poses a new threat to the pandemic spread. Without proper mitigation programs, the pandemic can escalate in the next few years. In 2008, the annual medical costs of obesity were estimated to be $147 billion in the US. This is a menace to the US and the global community. Taking into consideration the rampant cases of fast food consumption and technological innovation the menace will impact the global community and nations’ economies which might cripple it in the long run.
Obesity Menace
Obesity is a global menace which impacts negatively the livelihood of the victims majorly the children. Amongst the teenagers, obesity has harmful effects on their body. The first effect of obesity amongst the teenagers is the ability to cause depression (Dawes, 2014). Being overweight or obese leads to mental or emotional torture amongst the kids. These group of teenagers get themselves rejected by their peers, discriminated and also isolated. This leads to depression amongst the teenagers which in turn affects their class activities and also worsen their health conditions.
Obesity also leads to high blood pressure as well as high cholesterol in the body which may lead to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is estimated that nearly 70% of obese children develop at least one CVD in their life while 39% reported suffering twice or more cases of CVD (Joshi, 2015). The obesity menace also leads to breathing problems such as asthma and apnea. Obesity is also a leading cause of death amongst the teenagers. Though it is lifestyle diseases which is preventable, the menace impacts the kid’s moral well-being as well as their normal functioning. Furthermore, obesity can cause menstrual problems amongst the girls (Joshi, 2015). Obesity causes a girl to reach puberty at an early age thus experiencing menstrual periods at an early age. The children can also suffer from sleep problems. Overweight children are usually at a higher risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea which may lead to heart failure in the future.
Obesity Prevention
Obesity prevention is one of the core objectives of the 21st century. As noted always, prevention is better than cure, preventing the continued spread of the menace aids in ensuring reduced prevalence (Dawes, 2014). One of the core strategies is to ensure that the teenagers are active by engaging in physical activities. On a daily basis, children out to be subjected to physical activities from moderate to intense for sixty minutes (Engdahl, 2015). As a parent, caretaker or educator, you can lead as an example. Take the teenagers ought to swim, playing tag, brisk walking, dancing, playing soccer, and jumping rope. These physical activities increase the metabolic rates in the body which in turn leads to burning of calories thus no accumulation of excessive sugar or calories in the body (Joshi, 2015). This will aid in ensuring healthy living of the teenager. Secondly, parents ought to encourage healthy diets and eating habits (Brownell & Walsh, 2017). The parents ought to provide plenty of fruits, whole grains, and vegetables in the diet rather than fats laden foods. Also, low-fat dairy products to be added in the diet while limiting sugar-sweetened sugar, sodium, beverages, and saturated fats (Brownell & Walsh, 2017). Encouraging healthy living habits through proper diet will aid in curbing the obesity menace in the long run. Discourage the playing of video games while encouraging physical play and exercise. The 21st century is attributed to be the technological era. Various platforms and videos games have been generated such as FIFA, Call of Duty, and Euro truck (Joshi, 2015). Most teenagers are constantly playing these games. Discouraging this habitual act of video gaming ought to be mandatory. As a parent, you should encourage your kid to engage in physical activities rather than playing online or video games.
Helping the Obese
Obesity is the leading cause of physiological torture amongst the kids. Proper mitigation strategies, as well as treatment processes, should be implemented (Joshi, 2015). This will aid ensure healthy living of the child. As a parent, avoid negative comments about overweight or obesity. Negative comments will always make the teenager more distressed about his or her emotional wellbeing (Brownell & Walsh, 2017). The obese teenagers are always subject to discrimination as well as rejection by their peers or in adverse cases being bullied. This leads to low self-esteem and lack of life determination. This humper their future life goals. As a parent, motivating the child positively about their health conditions by providing positive comments will lead to enhanced self-esteem which improves the child’s well-being in the long run (Joshi, 2015). Health diet should also be provided for the obese teenager. Diet is the core cause of obesity amongst the teenagers. With the provision of good health food with fewer sugars and fats and more of fiber, fruits, and vegetables, the body mass of the obese kid will reduce. Dietary conditions are the core basis for either continued or reduced obesity (Engdahl, 2015). To help the obese individual, less sugar foods should be included in the menu. More fiber-rich diet should be taken. This aids in remedying the situation.
Encouraging the teenagers’ physical activity is also at the center of curing the obesity menace (Brownell & Walsh, 2017). Lack of physical activity has been attributed to obesity. Encouraging the kid to engage in physical activity will aid in curbing the obese conditions of the teenager in the long run. In adverse cases, mediation and surgery can be performed to cure the obesity (Engdahl, 2015). Though the long-term risks of medication against obesity are not known it is vital to ensure teenager well-being. Weight loss surgery is also an option to cure obesity.
Conclusion
In conclusion, obesity is a global pandemic which has adversely affected the global economies as well as the well-being of many nations. In the 21st century, the rampant cases of obesity can be attributed to lack of physical activity, poor diet, technological innovations and also the use of fast foods. The occurrence of obesity increases the risks of other health-related defects such as depression, cancer, type two diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and apnea. Obesity is usually caused by excessive food intake, genetic susceptibility, and lack of exercise while other few cases of obesity are caused by the mental disorder, genes, medications and endocrine disorders. As of 2015, 100 million children including the teenagers were reported to be obese and overweight. Obesity has caused depression which leads to lack of self-esteem, affect their class performance, and also hamper their health conditions. It also leads to heart diseases and stroke which leads to high mortality rates. To prevent the occurrence of the menace, physical exercise ought to be made mandatory for sixty minutes in a day, healthy diet, and also reducing video gaming as well as browsing while encouraging physical walk out. To cure or help the obese teenagers, parents ought to avoid negative messages about obesity and weight, reduce the consumption of fast foods while introducing fiber-rich foods and high water intakes. In adverse case, weight loss surgery can be performed or prescription of medication. Though the side effects of surgery and medications are not yet established, it serves in mitigating against the obesity menace.

Reference
Dawes, L. (2014). Childhood obesity in America. Harvard University Press.
Joshi, S. A. (2015). Reducing Childhood Obesity in America through National Legislation.
Levi, J., Segal, L. M., Rayburn, J., & Martin, A. (2015). The State of Obesity: 2015. Better Policies for a Healthier America. Trust for America’s Health. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Brownell, K. D., & Walsh, B. T. (Eds.). (2017). Eating disorders and obesity: A comprehensive handbook. Guilford Publications.
Engdahl, S. (2015). Obesity. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Greenhaven Press.
Overweight & Obesity Statistics | NIDDK. (2018). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved 10 March 2018, from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-statistics/overweight-obesity