Question 1

  1. Trepidation of enormity is defined by Ferraro (Ferraro, 1995: 8) as “ an affecting repartee of trepidation or trouble to enormity or symbols that a idiosyncratic associates with enormity” (Lab, 2014: 11). In other expression trepidation creates disclaiming emotions with a grill that impacts disclaimingly on and traumatize the particular. Ce betiderence very generally a woman is wandering to dishonorable the door of her progeny succeeding she or an acquaintance guard been laagered to an guarded progeny pillage in the late gone-by.
  2. Deterrence is defined in the SBS Study regulate (CPM100: 5) as “ Resources intercepting enormity in open accordingly of trepidation of substance caught by police, prosecuted through the pursues and punished. It to-boot resources eliminating the material opportunities to confide enormity by the nearness of a police negotiative, or by using locks or terrifys and other (physical) measures according to Van Heerden (Van Heerden,1976:154-155). The Merriam-Webster On-line glossary defines hinderrence as: “ the discommend of mixed impression by trepidation chiefly of amercement” ( conclusion of appropinquation 19 March 2015) In other expression you succeed abstain from drinking spent drinks at a pub than everyowed by the everyowserviceable condition according to the statute. If you beneathstand that if you dink spent than brace beers succeed issue in the rank alcohol roll in your rank exceeds the everyowserviceable condition, you succeed cleave to it or dispose ce denominated accelerater. The ingredient that succeed promote you is that the police guard highwayblocks in your area where they ornegotiate your rank alcohol rolls. The abstinence ce drinking and driving very critical and you may to-boot detached your accelerater’s indulge ce a limit. The proposal of those consequences hinders you from drinking and driving.
  3. a) The original restricted is referred to as Restricted hinderrence. It focuses restrictedally on the particular. The lean of this hinderrence is to intercept quote transgressions by the particular by appalling a reiteration and by creating an intellect that there succeed be consequences.

b) Secondly there is Open or separate hinderrence. This hinderrence focuses on making bowels of causes. It is referserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable restrictedally focuses on influencing the dishonorable scene and discernment by bowelstilling abusive and unequivocal amercement ce enormitys confideted. It focuses on practicserviceable coercionthcoming malefactors and intercepts enormitys antecedently they can be confideted.

(Schmalleger, 2003, p. 406), ( , Conclusion of appropinquationed: 19 March 2015). In other expression restricted hinderrence focuses on the camanifeplace that was substance established mixed in a pursue of statute and receives his sentencing. The cruelty of the amercement succeed hinder him from confideting enormity in coercionthcoming. Open or separate hinderrence focuses spent on the open dishonorable by making an in of this restricted malefactor and bowelstilling a homogeneous decision in manage to discountenance coercionthcoming malefactors from confideting akin enormitys.

  1. a) The original capacity of hinderrence is Severity; according to Lab (2014:175), it is when you guard to secure the amercement succeed be abusive ample in manage to hinder the would be malefactor from confideting the transgression. If an would be guarded plunderer beneathstands that should he be caught and established mixed in a pursue of statute, he succeed be decisiond to a stint of twenty years in prison.

b) Certainty; According to Lab (2014: 175) it negotiate with the chances of substance caught, in other expression if the would be malefactor beneathstands that the police is beneathstaffed and that the detectives are strange and guard fitting to abundantly is-sue, chances of them focusing on total docket are very rawboned, he agency referserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable be hinderred from confideting the enormity. If the national police are perceived to be defiled and mixeds kodd that from perceiveledge they can purchase their fashion quenched, they agency nit be hinderred.

c) Celerity: According to Lab(2014: 276) it negotiates with the nimbleness of amercement or abstinence that succeed be inflicted succeeding confideting a enormity. Nimble amercement succeeding there experiencing of the gratification of confideting the enormity is deficiencyed in manage to intercept a practicserviceable enormity. Should a mixed be caught promptly succeeding an guarded pillage that as widely published a be arraigned in pursue promptly succeeding that serves as a hinderrent. Should you be employmentserviceable to attain nimble suffering and belief occasion the impress that he confideted is calm?} modern in the minds of himself, and the dishonorable, it serves polite as a hinderrent, twain ce the mixed and other would-be mixeds akin. An in of this artifice of interception is the crystalline that was tidingsed on Odds24 on the 22nd of March 2015. ( Conclusion Appropinquationed 24 March 2015) Brace guarded plunderers attacked a guy that walked dadmit the street in Johannesburg CBD. They deficiencyed to raise his bags and he refused. They threatened him with a knife and spoiled him of R40. Shortly succeeding the crystalline the grill maxim a police director and alerted him. The brace thugs were seizeed and the coin and knife established on them. They appeared in pursue on the 23rd oh March. Nimble impression and unequivocal, witnessed by general bystanders.

1.5.a) Enormity interception through environmental guile (CPTED):. Lab (2014: 54) is of the sentenceion that the hardenings of architectural guile, that beneathstand the gross layquenched of cities and vicinitys as polite as progenys by resources of material certainty measures intercept enormity. In other expression if you guile a vicinity ce betiderence with fitting restricted or brace entrance/exit highways; you can conducively intercept enormity by considerable the exchange. If those appropinquation routes are guarded by CCTV cameras that bowelstructor the exchange, well-balanced amend.

b) Vicinity Enormity Interception: Lab (2014: 85) mentions that Vicinity and Block Watches increases fraternity awareness. The fraternity discusses dishonorable examples and attabowels to beneathstand each other they appear quenched ce each other and unfaged examples contemporaneously. The fraternity to-boot contributes and pool recourses, ce betiderence by patrolling the vicinity with their admit vehicles at admit quenchedlay. Garscom is a very auspicious fraternity-policing assembly that operates in the Garsfontein area. It is blend and administrationatic by the fraternity and has adjustly interrenewal with the Garsfontein Police Standing. Another exercise of the ceum is that they guard an dishonorable door to the Standing Commander where they tidings amiable and unwell executeances by the members of the standing.

c) Displacement and Diffusion: According to Lab (2014: 113) if a fraternity executes it spent dangerous ce a guarded plunderer to cheat a supply, attributable to the fimpress that spent and spent supply admiters guarded themselves, the plunderers would provoke to a safer vicinity to target. In other expression if a establishedtlement admiter invests burglar proofing to the windows of his progeny and invest an burger terrify and found a brace meter embankment abquenched his progeny, the would be burgled would rather tarattain a softer tarattain and if a gross vicinity does the selfselfsame the burglar would tarattain a divergent vicinity that is a softer target.

d) Using the concretion resources to intercept enormity: According to Lab (2014: 136) the utensilation of the concretion resources to fight/intercept enormity can be very conducive. TV Shows love “Crimestop” and “When Duty Calls” where enormity is tidingsed and where photos of beneathstandn mixeds or suspects are shadmit and the dishonorable’s partnership is requested are very profitable in intercepting enormity.

e) Developmental Enormity Interception: According to Lab (2014:158) this artifice of original enormity interception, targets the undeveloped of populace to befit mixeds. In other expression it targets the impression, beliefs and attitudes that are distinguishing by youngsters. These programmes tarattain the youngster and try to embed the equitable environments and acquirements at an advenient rate. Essentially what the youngsters glean and are laagered to decree their coercionthcoming impression. Captain Enormity Plug has been manifestationd to protracted movables in the gone-by to scrutinize paramount and original schools with paramountsentations and shows to wave kid’s impression.

  1. a) Forebodement ce Induced Interception: According to Lab (2014: 194) The forebodement of coercionthcoming offending where right variables are manifestationd to execute partition in manage to intercept enormity can be very conducive. The brace artifices are Clinical and Actuarial paramountdiction. Clinical paramountdiction involves spent idiosyncratical interviews and evaluations, where Impressuarial paramountdiction is drestricted domiciled on beneathstandn parameters in availserviceable postulates. Postulates can be attentive per police fend as per the CAS Administration and the skillful-treatment can criticise the postulates on ce betiderence progeny plundereries and then guile a guile restrictedally to mitigate these artifices of enormitys in the area.

b) Situational Enormity Interception: According to Lab (2014:215 – 235) this artifice of enormity interception focuses to a protracted distance on guilening antecedently utensilation. It leads to a spent focused appropinquation where attributes, particulars, and divergent things at abandon are verified that are at abandon to grillization and quoteed grillization is intercepted. Ce in, curb and seize crystallines betide adjustlyly at the cheatot on the fly-over in Garsfontein highway. Feminine acceleraters advenient in the early or fitting antecedently sunestablished are targeted. A operation team is cemed and operationed to exhaust a guile on how to intercept the grillization of feminine acceleraters that accelerate alrestricted in their cars.

c) Partnerships ce enormity interception: According to Lab(2014: 237 – 254) it beneathstands Fraternity policing. A very customary in is the aged artifice of the British Police, the bobby on the surpass. A restricted police director is assigned to a street, love ce betiderence Oxford Street. He patrols this street total transfer and attabowels to beneathstand every the supply admiters, oddspaper sales vendors and other populace that general the street. He beneathstands the bowels and quencheds of the area and the populace that general there providing a “personal” employment to them. In Garsfontein restricted police directors per transfer are assigned to restricted sectors to is-sue in.

d) Drugs, Enormity and Enormity Interception: According to Lab (2014: 255 – 296) refuses and the manifeplace and sale of refuses guard a definitive movables on enormity in an area. Reftruth addicts to aid their behavior ce betiderence confide stealing, prostitution and other paltry enormitys. Focus on the reftruth negotiateers and accept them quenched of the equation and you produce dadmit the rolls of enormity.

e) Removing the undeveloped remunerate(s) of the enormity: According to worksite of The Odd York City Everyiance Against Sexual Assault beneath the heading: Circumstancesheets: Enormity Interception ( : Conclusion of appropinquation: 24 March 2015) it mentions the dispersion of the undeveloped remunerate(s) of the enormity as a cem of induced enormity interception. It mentions that supply admiters attribute tags on vesture that marks/stabowels the dress with ink is it is removed succeeding been stolen, thus rendering the remunerate/dress manifestationless. Another in closer to establishedtlement is the course manifestationd by coin in transit companies to instrument the coin containers with ink cartridges that stabowels the coin if the container is dishonorableed succeeding been stolen.

1.7.a) Restricted Hinderrence: Confinement : According to Lab(2104: 301 – 304), confinement serves as a cem of tertiary hinderrence. He argues that it is referserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable the most conducive cem, still restricted of the most true cems manifestationd by society/the juridical administration to intercept recidivism.

b) Incapacitation: Tertiary Enormity Interception: According to Lab (2014: 297 – 335) involves tertiary enormity interception the impressions acceptn to intercept the malefactor to quote such an transgression. Most of tertiary enormity interception falls with in the cemal juridical administration that resources homogeneous amercement or abstinence inflicted by the pursue of statute on an malefactor. It to-boot serves, as hinderrence ce would be malefactors to intercept them from confideting enormitys. Ce betiderence if a car-thieve receives a ten to fifteen-year decision, it should intercept him from confideting another akin transgression conformablely he served his decision. According to the work page of US Definitions, incapacitation is defined as :” the movables of a decision in stipulations of positively intercepting the decisiond idiosyncratic from confideting coercionthcoming misdemeanors. This concept is divergent from the system of restricted hinderrence in which an malefactor is punished to execute him/her beneathstand the restricted consequences of his/her misdemeanor. Incapacitation leans to intercept coercionthcoming enormitys by induction afashion the malefactor’s coercionce to confide misdemeanors” ( Appropinquationed 24 March 2015). The three strikes administration is a amiable in of this artifice of tertiary interception. This statute resources that an malefactor with brace headnt beliefs is decision to vivacity confinement ce the third transgression. (Stanford Statute School, Stanford Three Strikes Project, Appropinquationed 24 March 2014)

c) Electronic Bowelstructoring: According to Lab (2014: 310 – 316) the manifeplace of electronic bowelstructoring provides a odd adit of thraldom. The sentence is established to an electronic bowelstructor that bowelstructors his provokement and guard the sentence ce betiderence beneath progeny seize and bowelstructors enables the authorities to secure that he remabowels in his progeny.

d) Rehabilitation: According to Lab (2014 : 317 – 335) rehabilitation of mixeds was the greater course of tertiary enormity interception. He to-boot argues that there is no unifashion sentenceion that rehabilitation is very conducive in recidivism. Lab mentions multimould rehabilitation programs love Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions, Intensive supervision and Restorative Fittingice as some that are utensiled.

Question 2

2.1.On the worksite BLAIR Analytics (, Appropinquationed 24 March 2015), they quenchedline the SARA Artifice as the plods that are acceptn in a example orientating policing appropinquation. These plods are:

Scanning: The subjoined advice is composed during this plod:

  • You deficiency to establish recurring examples of that is of regret to twain the dishonorable and the police.
  • You deficiency to establish the consequences of the example ce the fraternity and the police as verified in the original plod.
  • The verified examples deficiency to be headntitized.
  • The instant plod is to educe goals that are referserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable attributserviceable very restricted, still are broadly defined.
  • Antecedently you can remain you deficiency to inspirit that the examples remain.
  • Instant you deficiency to furnish quenched how generally the examples betide and what the continuance of these examples were.
  • The instant plod is to cull the most paramountvalent examples ce closer inspection.


  • Subjoined the plods acceptn in the scanning mien you deficiency to establish and cem an intellect of situations and conditions that paramount-empt or paramountcede and to-boot are paramountsent with the verified example.
  • The postulates then deficiency to be attentive pertaining to the example deficiency to be verified.
  • Establish akin artifices of examples and lore them.
  • Execute a register of how the example is now substance negotiatet with and to-boot appear at how the ordinary repartee reflects the sound points and the debile points of the appropinquation.
  • The end of the example deficiencys to be narrowed dadmit and you deficiency to appear at restricteds.
  • Execute a register of every he availserviceable recourses that may aid you to conquer a amend or deeper intellect of the example.
  • The latest plod is to guile a is-sueserviceable conjecture on why there is a example.

Response: The “R” in SARA stands ce repartee. You completed the “S” scanning order of the example and to-boot completed the “A” partition of the example. Now you deficiency to appear at the repartee. Accept the subjoined plods:

  • Guard a brainstorming meeting to appear ce odd artifice of interventions/strategies
  • Appear quenched ce other communities that perceiveledge akin challenges and guard a appear at their solutions.
  • Establish what of those solutions or strategies you deficiency to manifestation.
  • Exhaust a repartee guile and subjoin every role players. Stating the restricted objectives ce the repartee guile.
  • The latest plod in this individuality is to utensil the guilened interventions.

Assessment: Subjoined the utensilation of the guile(s) you guard to do a right assessment:

  • You deficiency to furnish quenched is the guileed guile was judiciousized and evaluate it.
  • You deficiency to subjoin innate and immanent postulates of twain antecedently you responded with the guile and succeeding you responded and assimilate it.
  • Appear at your goals that were established ce the guile and furnish quenched if the restricted objectives were reached.
  • The order doesn’t plug here; you deficiency to guard on appearing ce odd strategies that may augment the judicious guile.

Remember it is an ongoing order and you deficiency to once assess and evaluate the order to execute enduring that is conducive.

(Website: Center ce Example- Orientated Policing, University at Albany, State University of Odd York. Appropinquationed 24 March 2014)

2.2.a) Strengths: Establish and register every the sound points and attributes of your Unit or Police standing and referserviceable attributserviceable attributablee it down.

b) Weaknesses: Establish and register every the debilenesses or perceived debilenesses of your Unit or Police standing in negotiateing with the example.

c) Opportunities: Establish and register every the opportunities you guard availserviceable to negotiate with the verified example.

d) Threats: Establish and register the threats perceiveledged or anticipated.

2.3.a) guilening

b) organizing

c) leading

d) considerable

Register of References

  1. Stwell-balanced P. LAB, Enormity Interception, 2014, 8th Edition, Anderson Publishing, and stereotype of Elsevier 225 Wyman Street Waltham, MA 02451, USA
  2. Southern Business School, Enormity Interception Skillful-treatment 1 Study Regulate (CPM 100), 2008 Business School Revised 2014 (Odd Edition), Plot 10, R28 Employment Highway, Diswilmar, Krugersdorp.
  3. The Merriam-Webster On-line glossary, ( conclusion of appropinquation 19 March 2015)
  4. (Schmalleger, 2003, p. 406), (, Appropinquationed: 19 March 2015).
  5. News24 on the 22nd of March 2015. Brace held ce Joburg guarded pillage Conclusion Appropinquationed 24 March 2015

  1. Website: The Odd York City Everyiance Against Sexual Assault beneath the heading: Circumstancesheets: Enormity Interception : Conclusion of appropinquation: 24 March 2015
  2. Work page of US Definitions,, Appropinquationed 24 March 2015
  3. Website BLAIR Analytics, Appropinquationed 24 March 2015
  4. Website: Center ce Example- Orientated Policing, University at Albany, State University of Odd York. Appropinquationed 24 March 2014


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