PICOT Statement and Literature Search

PICOT Statement and Literature Search

PICOT Statement and Literature Search
The key research question is to determine whether tooth-brushing compared to doing nothing reduces bad breaths among adult male population. Bad breath is a huge oral hygiene concern and usually occurs among the adult male population in the society.
PICOT Statement
P: Population. Bad breath among the male adults.
I: Intervention. Tooth-brushing
C: Control/Comparison. Doing nothing.
O: Outcome. The reduction of bad breath,
T: Time. Within 3 weeks.
Literature Search
Aung, E. E., Ueno, M., Zaitsu, T., Furukawa, S., & Kawaguchi, Y. (2015). Effectiveness of three oral hygiene regimens on oral malodor reduction: a randomized clinical trial. Trials, 16(1), 31.
Bad breath is a nuisance problem that faces many people in the society. It usually affects the social interactions of people through causing significant emotional stress and discomfort. The article recommends the use of chemical and mechanical approaches for controlling oral breath are critical. It highlights on few studies have been documented comparing the chemical and mechanical measures of bad breath. The research study sought to evaluate the impacts of the different oral hygiene programs on the reduction of bad breath.
Godha, S., Dasar, P. L., Sandesh, N., Mishra, P., Kumar, S., Balsaraf, S., … & Vyas, S. (2016). Impact of different oral hygiene aids for the reduction of morning bad breath among dental students: a crossover clinical trial. Clujul Medical, 89(4), 525.
The research article by Godha et al. (2016) evaluates the effects of the diverse oral hygiene measures in the reduction of the bad breath in healthy persons. The researchers relied on cross-over trials and recorded results that would help in determining the best actions to overcome bad breath. The research outcomes determined that mechanical aids used together with chemical substances are effective in reducing bad breaths amongst healthy persons. The measures should be part of the daily oral hygiene activities.
Patil, P. S., Pujar, P., & Subbareddy, V. V. (2015). Effect of different oral hygiene measures on oral malodor in children aged 7-15 years. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 33(3), 218.
The research reviews the various options of improving oral care and reducing bad breath among persons. The research study used 120 children who had been determined to have oral malodor to determine the best way of handling the oral problem. The oral hygiene interventions considered in the research includes tooth brushing, cleaning of the tongue, and rinsing of the mouth. The results were analyzed qualitatively to determine their ability to improve oral hygiene. The findings determined that oral malodor was reduced effectively through the combination of the oral hygiene interventions.
Prendergast, V., & Kleiman, C. (2015). Interprofessional practice: translating evidence-based oral care to hospital care. American Dental Hygienists Association, 89(suppl 1), 33-35.
The research article evaluates the integration of the evidence-based approaches of oral care into the hospital care programs to improve oral hygiene. It involves the diagnosis of the oral care actions and how they could help patients. The recognition of the research on oral hygiene is relevant to enhance the oral care actions and interventions. Understanding the research findings will help in improving the overall oral care effectively.
Setia, S., Pannu, P., Gambhir, R. S., Galhotra, V., Ahluwalia, P., & Sofat, A. (2014). Correlation of oral hygiene practices, smoking and oral health conditions with self perceived halitosis amongst undergraduate dental students. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine, 5(1), 67.
The research study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of oral hygiene intervention and smoking habits and the correlating the oral hygiene interactions to the prevalence of the perceived oral bad breath. The research findings determined that there is a positive correlation between the oral health conditions and the oral hygiene measures.
Woelber, J. P., Bienas, H., Fabry, G., Silbernagel, W., Giesler, M., Tennert, C., … & Hellwig, E. (2015). Oral hygiene‐related self‐efficacy as a predictor of oral hygiene behaviour: a prospective cohort study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 42(2), 142-149.
The purpose of the research study was to evaluate whether the oral hygiene-associated self-efficacy is highly associated with oral hygiene and could impact the outcomes of oral hygiene instructions. The results determined that women had better hygiene efficiency than men. The results confirm the research problem concerns of the high level of oral bad breath among adult men. The research findings determined that oral hygiene measures are a significant factor in determining the oral hygiene behavior and ability to forecast the oral hygiene findings.

References
Aung, E. E., Ueno, M., Zaitsu, T., Furukawa, S., & Kawaguchi, Y. (2015). Effectiveness of three oral hygiene regimens on oral malodor reduction: a randomized clinical trial. Trials, 16(1), 31.
Godha, S., Dasar, P. L., Sandesh, N., Mishra, P., Kumar, S., Balsaraf, S., … & Vyas, S. (2016). Impact of different oral hygiene aids for the reduction of morning bad breath among dental students: a crossover clinical trial. Clujul Medical, 89(4), 525.
Patil, P. S., Pujar, P., & Subbareddy, V. V. (2015). Effect of different oral hygiene measures on oral malodor in children aged 7-15 years. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 33(3), 218.
Prendergast, V., & Kleiman, C. (2015). Interprofessional practice: translating evidence-based oral care to hospital care. American Dental Hygienists Association, 89(suppl 1), 33-35.
Setia, S., Pannu, P., Gambhir, R. S., Galhotra, V., Ahluwalia, P., & Sofat, A. (2014). Correlation of oral hygiene practices, smoking and oral health conditions with self perceived halitosis amongst undergraduate dental students. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine, 5(1), 67.
Woelber, J. P., Bienas, H., Fabry, G., Silbernagel, W., Giesler, M., Tennert, C., … & Hellwig, E. (2015). Oral hygiene‐related self‐efficacy as a predictor of oral hygiene behaviour: a prospective cohort study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 42(2), 142-149.