As Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) emphasizes that connection between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

Week 8 Main Discussion Post

As Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) emphasizes that connection between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, it resonates with me (Wheeler, 2014). Another type of psychotherapy is Humanistic-Existential. Both types of therapy offer different strengths and challenges.

Some strengths of CBT include its short duration, and structured format. Although CBT is normally only 16 sessions, the client learns skills that they can utilize in the future to recognize false thoughts and make behavioral changes. A challenge of CBT includes that the patient must attend therapy on a regular basis for approximately 16 sessions. Even though it may be better suited for certain diagnoses and functioning levels, it may be adapted by changing to a more behavioral approach than cognitive approach. A client who might benefit form CBT would be a high functioning female who has a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) who has low self-esteem and feels inadequate. CBT may affect emotional neural circuitry (Rubin-Falcone et al., 2020).

With Humanistic-Existential theory, a positive feature is the focus on what is currently happing and not things that happened int the past (Wheeler, 2014). Another positive feature is that the client is felt to be an individual that has potential and is resilient. The patient guides that therapy session. The main challenge of this theory is that it lacks controlled studies, and the use of experimental techniques is not well defined. A patient who might benefit from this type of therapy is a middle=aged woman who is feeling anxious following her divorce.

References

Rubin-Falcone, H., Weber, J., Ronit, K., Oshsner, K. & Delaparte, L. (2020). Neural

predictors and effects of cognitive behavioral therapy for depression: the role of

emotional reactivity and regulation. Psychological Medicine, 50(1), 146-160.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S00332918004154

Wheeler, K. (Ed.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A

how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.) Springer Publishing Company.