To complete this assignment, complete the following steps: 1) Watch Sherry Turkle’s TED Talk, “Connected, but alone?

SSCI 306: Expository Writing DUE: 19 August 2018
Summer Session 2018
The assignment is due on 19 August 2018.
There are two common forms of academic writing that you will be asked to develop. They are called by
many names, but they are usually identified as summary and analysis. A written summary generally
condenses the main ideas from a longer text into a shorter form. From the humanities to the natural
sciences, it is common for researchers and scholars to summarize important arguments, evidence, and
research in writing. Sometimes these pieces are called “literature reviews” or “research summaries,”
(among other names). Perhaps the most important writing that researchers do is when they analyze the
evidence used in experiments, policy papers, and literary studies. A written analysis breaks down longer
texts into smaller parts by making a claim and defending that claim with evidence and explanation.
To complete this assignment, complete the following steps:
1) Watch Sherry Turkle’s TED Talk, “Connected, but alone?”:

2) Write four paragraphs about this talk. The first paragraphs should summarize the talk. The next
three paragraphs should analyze one part of the talk. Your assignment should be approximately 2-
3 pages.
Successful assignments are typed, double-spaced, with one-inch margins and 12-point font. APA format
is required for this assignment.
Developing Your Assignment
How to Write a Summary:
A summary is a condensed, shortened version of something – often a longer piece of writing, or even a
movie or television show, a situation, or an event. In writing a summary, you provide readers with only
the main points and the key support. And, you write it all in your own words. If it is necessary to quote
material, that quotation should be as brief as possible. Summarizing a reading, film, article, or court case
is an important exercise in capturing the main point of a piece of writing.
Here is a sample student summary paragraph taken a previous “Summary and Analysis” assignment:
In Ronald Takaki’s A Different Mirror, Takaki provides the example of the unjust 1854 California
Supreme Court decision, People v. Hall to make the point that Chinese immigrants experienced unjust
forms of legal discrimination in the 19th century United States. The case was based on the trial of George
Hall, a white man in California who was accused of murdering Ling Sing, a Chinese immigrant miner.
When the case went to trial, one white man and three Chinese-American witnesses testified against Hall,
and Hall was found guilty of murder based on this testimony. However, Hall’s lawyer appealed the case.
Developing the Writing Process:
Summary and Analysis Assignment
SSCI 306: Expository Writing DUE: 19 August 2018
Summer Session 2018
He argued that an existing California law provided that “no black or mulatto person, or Indian, shall be
permitted to give evidence in favor of, or against, any white person” (189). The judges agreed with Hall’s
attorney and Hall was set free. When Hall was set free, Ling Sing’s murder remained unpunished and the
statute established a new form of legal racial discrimination against Chinese immigrants in California.
According to Takaki, this case contributed to a long period of discrimination against Chinese immigrants
in the United States. This period is known as the era of “Chinese Exclusion,” and is named for the
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.
Ask yourself the following discussion questions about the summary above:
1) What are the elements of the summary? What information is provided in the first few sentences?
In the middle? In the last few sentences? How would the summary read if you removed any of
these elements?
2) How does the writer transition between each part?
3) Is the quotation necessary for the summary?
4) As a reader of this summary, do you possess the main facts of the case, even if you did not read
Ronald Takaki’s description of it?
5) What strategies could you borrow for writing your own summary paragraph?
How to Write an Analysis Paragraph:
In contrast, an analysis breaks down the points or parts of a piece of writing and considers how they work
together to convey a main point. This involves critical thinking: e.g., raising questions, challenging
assumptions, and identifying contradictions in your reading.
There are usually at least four parts to an analytical piece of writing – 1) a topic sentence or main claim
that you want to make about the text; 2) evidence or examples that support the claim you are trying to
make; 3) explanatory sentences in which you attempt to unpack your examples and show readers how
they support the claim you are trying to make; and 4) a conclusion sentence that attempts to convey the
significance or the “so what?” of your analysis for readers.
Student Writing Sample – Analysis Paragraph
Here is the second paragraph of the student writing sample that was referenced above:
One reason the People v. Hall is an unjust ruling is because it justifies a racial hierarchy that
ranks Chinese immigrants as inferior to those who were considered “white” citizens in California in the
19th century. For example, in their ruling, the California Court argued that Chinese immigrants were “a
race of people whom nature has marked as inferior, and who are incapable of progress or intellectual
development beyond a certain point, as their history has shown” (People v. Hall). In this argument, the
Court uses the language of “nature” to validate the notion of racial hierarchy. According to the Court, a
person’s appearance can “mark” them on a racial hierarchy of superior/inferior human beings based on
intellect. Specifically, the Court claims that because Chinese immigrants were intellectually inferior to
white people, they could not be relied upon to give proper legal testimony against them. In using this kind
of reasoning, the Court advances the notion of scientific racism, which was becoming more established in
the nineteenth century, to argue that Ling Sing was racially different and inferior to Hall, his white
counterpart. The long-term consequences of the case are significant. It is a strong example of how the
ideology of white supremacy became established in the California legal system. It socially constructed
whiteness as superior to “Chinese” and implied that those who were classified as “white” could commit
SSCI 306: Expository Writing DUE: 19 August 2018
Summer Session 2018
crimes such as murder and could receive the protection fo the legal system. Conversely, those who were
considered “other” (in this case, Chinese) could not depend on the courts for protection from injustice.
The classification of “other” placed these men and women in a subordinate position in the racial
hierarchy of the era and opened the doors to new other forms of injustice, such as job discrimination and
mob violence, which continued for the next one hundred years.
Ask Yourself the Following Discussion Questions about the Analysis above:
1) Does the paragraph begin with a claim/topic sentence? Is it fact or argument? How would the
paragraph read if this topic sentence were removed? If this paragraph were included in a longer
paper about the case, can you predict what the thesis statement of the overall paper might be?
2) Does the paragraph include supporting details? How can you identify them? What transition
phrase is used? Why do you think the writer chose these details? Are they well-chosen?
3) Does the paragraph explain or analyze the supporting details/example? How many sentences are
used? How would the paragraph appear if the paragraph ended after the quotation? What oes this
suggest about the importance of explaining the supporting details/example?
4) How does the paragraph conclude? Is it an effective conclusion?
5) Evaluate the overall argument. Does the paragraph make a strong and clear case that was unjust?
Do you have any suggestions for improvement?
6) What strategies from this paragraph could you use in your own paragraphs?