Subject: Political science
Topic: What causes success of populism in Hungary?
Engage with some theories of populism and apply them to the case of Hungary then evaluate their relative strengths and limitations based on the Hungarian example.
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CAUSES OF POPULISM IN HUNGARY
Populism involves a variety of political stances that encourage “the people” and provide a juxtaposition against “the elite.” The interests of the people advocating for populism in Hungary is to let the citizens rule, but the corrupt elites are a hindrance. Liberalism and nationalism are ideologies that relate to populism and are evident in Hungary.
The concept of populism also involves liberalism. The advantage of liberalism approach in its populism role is that it supports individual freedoms of Hungary citizens, like freedom of association and speech. Further, it promotes a public jury trial and independent judiciary systems and limits aristocratic privileges. The versions of liberalism in parts of Europe, including Hungary, are changing into limitations like social inequality, redistribution of public resources to individuals, and pervasive corruption (Galston, W. 2018, 8). The Civic Alliance (Fidesz) in Hungary is finding ways to discredit liberalism to eliminate the abuse of power and legal implications of corruption in the country.
The other ideology is nationalism, which supports the group interests of people and their sovereignty over their homeland, for instance, Hungary’s affairs over Europe. In Hungary, populism has increased; for example, populist movements are emphasizing on the “put us first” slogan that promotes nationalism (Martinelli, A. 2019, 82). The advantage of nationalism, as reflected in populism, is that it fosters pride in national achievements, where Hurugy citizens become more patriotic and allow people to have solidarity wit others outside their families and tribes. However, nationalism causes division of people in Hungary, because some groups of people are against its application. Additionally, populist movements are jeopardizing human rights in Hungary because they encourage their followers to focus on the insiders and overlook outsiders regardless of whether they are ideas or migrants (Gabriel, S. 2018, 186). The voiceless minorities continue to suffer from marginalization that is facilitated by low rates of learning foreign languages. The European parliament is under obligation to establish coordination in Hungary because the use of Fidesz’ supermajority weakens private responses.
Gabriel, S.G., 2018. EUROSCEPTICISM-THE NEW POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN POPULISTS. Annals of the Constantin Brancusi’ University of Targu-Jiu. Economy Series, (6).
Galston, W.A., 2018. The populist challenge to liberal democracy. Journal of Democracy, 29(2), pp.5-19.
Martinelli, A., 2019. When Populism Meets Nationalism: Reflections on Parties in Power. Ledizioni.