The guide was developed to help writers immediately solve problems related to writing.The guide contains short meanings that gives an outline of various characteristics of freelance writing.It consists of six parts ;types of academic papers,paper structure,plagiarism,writing tips,writing presentation and useful skills.
1.Types of Academic papers
Writers need to adhere to certain specifications when writing academic papers.
Research paper.This is writer’s knowledge about a certain subject and entails facts that scholars have come up with, which gives an author ideas on what is being researched. Argumentative research paper-The writer notifies his audience of his stand which becomes the thesis statement.It’s aim is to persuade and the chosen topic should be argumentative.Analytical research paper-The student asks a research question and takes no stand.Annonated bibliography-It’s a list of explanatory quotations from journals which indicates credibility of the cited sources to the reader. Report-It’s an informative document which examines a problem.
A paper should be well organized and every part should be easy to understand.An essay should have the following main components:
Introductory sentence which provides necessary information about the topic.Thesis statement is one or two statements that tells the reader what the essay is all about.It should be straight to the point and engaging to the reader.The body consists of more than three paragraphs each containing a topic that expresses a dominant idea.Conclusion contains a positive final decision or remedy based on what is in the essay.Each part of a paragraph structure is should accomplish a specific task.
This happens when writers wrongly use other people’s ideas and make them their own.It leads to failure.The various types of plagiarism are the ghost writer,the potluck paper,the poor disguise,the labor of laziness, the self stealer,the forgotten footnote,the misinformer,the too-perfect paraphrase,the resourceful citer and the perfect crime. Plagiarism can be avoided by evaluating sources, shortening and writing from the head.
Avoid informal writing.Use colons and semicolons correctly.Capitalization of names.Abbreviation of titles that introduce names.Avoid pronouns-Absence of ‘I’Avoid generalizing – For accuracy purposes.Use credible sources less than 10 years old.Creating an outline to enable you connect all points.Proofreading to correct any mistakes made and Stick to your topic.
Each point presented should be accompanied by examples or endorsements.Presentations should have a captivating beginning.A presentation should give a clear picture to the audienceAvoid bullets on every slide.Use pictorials to illustrate.Put together common ideas.Make ideas sensible and develop flow charts for the audience to understand better.
Formatting and sample papers:
APA guide -http ://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
MLA guide -http ://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
APA sample paper -http ://owl.english.purdue.edu /media/pdf/20090212013008_560.pdf
MLA sample paper -http ://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090701095636_747.pdf
Useful guide on various aspects of writing -http ://www.wikihow.com/Category:English
Forum for writers working in our company -http://gradelancer.com
Common mistakes about English -http ://esl.about.com/od/gramma1/a/cmlist.htm